Neil amstrong

Neil Amstrong Inhaltsverzeichnis

Neil Alden Armstrong war ein US-amerikanischer Testpilot und Astronaut. Er war Kommandant von Apollo 11, die mit Buzz Aldrin und Michael Collins zum Mond flog. Am Juli betrat er als erster Mensch den Mond. Neil Alden Armstrong (* 5. August bei Wapakoneta, Ohio; † August in Cincinnati, Ohio) war ein US-amerikanischer Testpilot und Astronaut. Da Neil Alden Armstrong (* 5. August bei Wapakoneta, Ohio; † August z Cincinnati, Ohio) wor a amerikanischa Astronaut und da easchde. Neil Armstrong betrat als erster Mensch den Mond, als Kommandant der Apollo-​ Mission. Es war der Höhepunkt seiner Karriere als Pilot. Juli im Fernsehen, wie die Amerikaner Neil Armstrong und Buzz Aldrin den Mond betraten und damit Geschichte schrieben.

neil amstrong

Das veränderte Leben von Neil Armstrongs Kindern nach der Mondlandung. Rick und Mark Armstrong träumten nicht wie andere Buben davon. mark armstrong. Neil Alden Armstrong (* 5. August bei Wapakoneta, Ohio; † August in Cincinnati, Ohio) war ein US-amerikanischer Testpilot und Astronaut. Fünzig Jahre ist es her, dass Millionen Menschen vor dem Fernseher verfolgten, wie Neil Armstrong als erster Mensch einen Fuß auf den Mond. Das veränderte Leben von Neil Armstrongs Kindern nach der Mondlandung. Rick und Mark Armstrong träumten nicht wie andere Buben davon. Sein kleiner Schritt machte ihn weltberühmt: Neil Armstrong betrat vor 50 Jahren als erster Mensch den Mond. Aber es gibt fast keine Bilder, die. Deutschlands führende Nachrichtenseite. Alles Wichtige aus Politik, Wirtschaft, Sport, Kultur, Wissenschaft, Technik und mehr. Der Amerikaner Neil Armstrong landete mit der Apollo 11 als erster Mensch auf dem Mond. Wie er vor dem Juli lebte und was nach der Mondlandung.

So it didn't seem to me there was much point in thinking of something to say if we'd have to abort landing. Recordings of Armstrong's transmission do not provide evidence for the indefinite article "a" before "man", though NASA and Armstrong insisted for years that static obscured it.

Armstrong stated he would never make such a mistake, but after repeated listenings to recordings, he eventually conceded he must have dropped the "a".

Hansen , Armstrong's authorized biographer, presented these findings to Armstrong and NASA representatives, who conducted their own analysis.

When Armstrong made his proclamation, Voice of America was rebroadcast live by the BBC and many other stations worldwide.

They began their tasks of investigating how easily a person could operate on the lunar surface. Armstrong unveiled a plaque commemorating the flight, and with Aldrin, planted the flag of the United States.

Although Armstrong had wanted the flag to be draped on the flagpole, [] it was decided to use a metal rod to hold it horizontally. He spoke for about a minute, after which Armstrong responded for about thirty seconds.

The mission was planned to the minute, with the majority of photographic tasks performed by Armstrong with the single Hasselblad camera.

After they re-entered the LM, the hatch was closed and sealed. While preparing for liftoff, Armstrong and Aldrin discovered that, in their bulky space suits, they had broken the ignition switch for the ascent engine; using part of a pen, they pushed in the circuit breaker to start the launch sequence.

After being released from an day quarantine to ensure that they had not picked up any infections or diseases from the Moon, the crew was feted across the United States and around the world as part of a day "Giant Leap" tour.

The tour began on August 13, when the three astronauts spoke and rode in ticker-tape parades in their honor in New York and Chicago, with an estimated six million attendees.

Armstrong was the first westerner to see the supersonic Tupolev Tu and was given a tour of the Yuri Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center , which he described as "a bit Victorian in nature".

Shortly after Apollo 11, Armstrong announced that he did not plan to fly in space again. He took a heavy teaching load, taught core classes, and created two graduate-level classes: aircraft design and experimental flight mechanics.

He was considered a good teacher, and a tough grader. His research activities during this time did not involve his work at NASA, as he did not want to give the appearance of favoritism; he later regretted the decision.

After teaching for eight years, Armstrong resigned in When the university changed from an independent municipal university to a state school, bureaucracy increased.

He did not want to be a part of the faculty collective bargaining group, so he decided to teach half-time.

According to Armstrong, he had the same amount of work but received half his salary. Employees at the university did not know why he left.

In , after an explosion aboard Apollo 13 aborted its lunar landing, Armstrong was part of Edgar Cortright 's investigation of the mission.

He produced a detailed chronology of the flight. He determined that a volt thermostat switch in an oxygen tank, which was supposed to have been replaced with a volt version, led to the explosion.

Many NASA managers, including Armstrong, opposed the recommendation, since only the thermostat switch had caused the problem. They lost the argument and the tanks were redesigned.

Armstrong was made vice chairman of the commission, and held private interviews with contacts he had developed over the years to help determine the cause of the disaster.

He helped limit the committee's recommendations to nine, believing that if there were too many, NASA would not act on them. Armstrong was appointed to a fourteen-member commission by President Reagan to develop a plan for American civilian spaceflight in the 21st century.

Thomas O. Paine , with whom Armstrong had worked during the Apollo program. The group published a book titled Pioneering the Space Frontier: The Report on the National Commission on Space , recommending a permanent lunar base by , and sending people to Mars by The recommendations were largely ignored, overshadowed by the Challenger disaster.

Armstrong and his wife attended the memorial service for the victims of the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster in , at the invitation of President George W.

The first company to successfully approach him was Chrysler , for whom he appeared in advertising starting in January Armstrong thought they had a strong engineering division, and they were in financial difficulty.

In addition to his duties as a spokesman, he also served on the board of directors of several companies. The first company board Armstrong joined was Gates Learjet , chairing their technical committee.

He flew their new and experimental jets and even set a climb and altitude record for business jets. They were interested in nuclear power and wanted to increase the company's technical competence.

He served on the board of Taft Broadcasting , also based in Cincinnati. Armstrong joined Thiokol 's board in , after he was vice-chair of the Rogers Commission; the Space Shuttle Challenger was destroyed due to a problem with the Thiokol-manufactured solid rocket boosters.

He served on additional aerospace boards, first United Airlines in , and later Eaton Corporation in He chaired the board through the company's merger with EDO Corporation , until his retirement in In , professional expedition leader Mike Dunn organized a trip to take men he deemed the "greatest explorers" to the North Pole.

They arrived at the Pole on April 6, Armstrong said he was curious to see what it looked like from the ground, as he had seen it only from the Moon.

Armstrong's family described him as a "reluctant American hero". He was a humble person, and that's the way he remained after his lunar flight, as well as before.

Michael Collins said in his book Carrying the Fire that when Armstrong moved to a dairy farm to become a college professor, it was like he "retreated to his castle and pulled up the drawbridge".

Armstrong found this amusing, and said, " Andrew Chaikin says in A Man on the Moon that Armstrong kept a low profile but was not a recluse, citing his participation in interviews, advertisements for Chrysler, and hosting a cable television series.

Armstrong guarded the use of his name, image, and famous quote. When it was launched in , MTV wanted to use his quote in its station identification , with the American flag replaced with the MTV logo, but he refused the use of his voice and likeness.

The lawsuit was settled out of court for an undisclosed sum, which Armstrong donated to Purdue. For many years, he wrote letters congratulating new Eagle Scouts on their accomplishment, but decided to quit the practice in the s because he felt the letters should be written by people who knew the scout.

This contributed to the myth of his reclusiveness. Around , he found out his signatures were being sold online, and that most of them were forgeries, and stopped giving autographs.

Armstrong was approached by groups from both political parties but he declined the offers. He described his political leanings as favoring states' rights and opposing the United States acting as the "world's policeman".

When Armstrong applied at a local Methodist church to lead a Boy Scout troop in the late s, he gave his religious affiliation as " deist ".

Congress in which he thanked them for giving him the opportunity to see some of the grandest views of the Creator.

In March , the State Department responded by issuing a message to embassies and consulates in Muslim countries saying that Armstrong "has not converted to Islam".

Part of the confusion arose from the similarity between the names of Armstrong's American residence in Lebanon, Ohio , and the country of Lebanon , which has a majority Muslim population.

He was made the first freeman of the burgh , and happily declared the town his home. Armstrong flew light aircraft for pleasure.

He enjoyed gliders and before the moon flight had earned a gold badge with two diamonds from the International Gliding Commission.

Well into his 70s he continued to fly engineless aircraft. While working at his farm near Lebanon, Ohio, in November , Armstrong jumped off the back of his grain truck and his wedding ring was caught in the wheel, tearing off the tip of his left hand's ring finger.

He collected the severed digit and packed it in ice, and surgeons reattached it at the Jewish Hospital in Louisville, Kentucky.

Armstrong and his first wife, Janet, separated in , [] and divorced in , after 38 years of marriage. She said little to Armstrong, but two weeks later he called her to ask what she was doing.

He lived in Indian Hill, Ohio. Sizemore, unable to retrieve the hair, donated the proceeds to charity. Armstrong underwent bypass surgery on August 7, , to relieve coronary artery disease.

Armstrong's family released a statement describing him as a "reluctant American hero [who had] served his nation proudly, as a navy fighter pilot, test pilot, and astronaut While we mourn the loss of a very good man, we also celebrate his remarkable life and hope that it serves as an example to young people around the world to work hard to make their dreams come true, to be willing to explore and push the limits, and to selflessly serve a cause greater than themselves.

For those who may ask what they can do to honor Neil, we have a simple request. Honor his example of service, accomplishment and modesty, and the next time you walk outside on a clear night and see the moon smiling down at you, think of Neil Armstrong and give him a wink.

Buzz Aldrin called Armstrong "a true American hero and the best pilot I ever knew", and said he was disappointed that they would not be able to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the Moon landing together in Bolden, Jr.

A tribute was held for Armstrong on September 13, at Washington National Cathedral , whose Space Window depicts the Apollo 11 mission and holds a sliver of Moon rock amid its stained-glass panels.

In his eulogy, Charles Bolden praised Armstrong's "courage, grace, and humility". Cernan recalled Armstrong's low-fuel approach to the Moon: "When the gauge says empty, we all know there's a gallon or two left in the tank!

Collins led prayers. Armstrong then called on Conrad to solve the problem, which he did, and the mission proceeded.

Throughout his lifetime, Armstrong shunned publicity and rarely gave interviews. Mindful that Armstrong would have objected to a state funeral, his family opted to have a private funeral in Cincinnati.

In July , after observations of the 50th anniversary of the Moon landing, The New York Times reported on details of a medical malpractice suit Armstrong's family had filed against Mercy Health—Fairfield Hospital , where he died.

When Armstrong appeared to be recovering from his bypass surgery, nurses removed the wires connected to his temporary pacemaker.

He began to bleed internally and his blood pressure dropped. Doctors took him to the hospital's catheterization laboratory, and only later began operating.

Two of the three physicians who reviewed the medical files during the lawsuit called this a serious error, saying surgery should have begun immediately; experts the Times talked to, while qualifying their judgement by noting that they were unable to review the specific records in the case, said that taking a patient in those circumstances to the operating room generally gave them the highest chance of survival.

The hospital, fearing the bad publicity that would result from being accused of negligently causing the death of a revered figure such as Armstrong, agreed to pay as long as the family never spoke about the suit or the settlement.

She reportedly felt that her husband would have been opposed to taking legal action. Robert H. Armstrong and his Apollo 11 crewmates were the recipients of the Langley Gold Medal from the Smithsonian Institution.

Hill Lifetime Space Achievement Award. Eisenhower on March 10, , in a ceremony attended by Lovell and Cernan.

Purdue University announced in October , that its new engineering building would be named Neil Armstrong Hall of Engineering ; [] the building was dedicated on October 27, , during a ceremony at which Armstrong was joined by fourteen other Purdue astronauts.

Armstrong Flight Research Center in Delivered to the Navy on September 23, , it is a modern oceanographic research platform supporting a wide range of activities by academic groups.

Armstrong , was published in For many years, he turned down biography offers from authors such as Stephen Ambrose and James A.

Michener , but agreed to work with James R. Hansen after reading one of Hansen's other biographies. In July , Armstrong's sons put his collection of memorabilia up for sale, including his Boy Scout cap, and various flags and medals flown on his space missions.

Armstrong donated his papers to Purdue. In a Space Foundation survey, Armstrong was ranked as the 1 most popular space hero; [] and in , Flying magazine ranked him 1 on its list of 51 Heroes of Aviation.

In , he said that a human mission to Mars would be easier than the lunar challenge of the s. In , he made a rare public criticism of the decision to cancel the Ares I launch vehicle and the Constellation Moon landing program.

Armstrong was named the class exemplar for the Class of at the U. Air Force Academy. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

For other uses, see Neil Armstrong disambiguation. American astronaut; first human to walk on the Moon. Wapakoneta, Ohio , U.

Cincinnati, Ohio , U. Purdue University , B. Janet Shearon m. Carol Knight m. Total EVAs. Main article: Gemini 8. Main article: Gemini Main article: Apollo See also: Apollo 11—Lunar surface operations.

Play media. The Belfast Telegraph. August 28, Retrieved November 14, CBC News. May 24, Archived from the original on January 7, Retrieved April 8, Archived from the original on April 28, Retrieved May 12, If that date is correct, Neil was still only five when he experienced his first airplane ride, his sixth birthday not coming for ten more days.

The Morning Call. Allentown, Pennsylvania. Boy Scouts of America. Retrieved September 2, April 11, Archived from the original on January 4, Retrieved February 10, I'd like to say hello to all my fellow Scouts and Scouters at Farragut State Park in Idaho having a National Jamboree there this week; and Apollo 11 would like to send them best wishes".

Capsule communicator Charles Duke replied: "Thank you, Apollo I'm sure that, if they didn't hear that, they'll get the word through the news.

Certainly appreciate that. World Organization of the Scout Movement. Archived from the original on September 4, Retrieved July 27, Retrieved July 5, United States Navy.

March 27, Archived PDF from the original on May 6, Retrieved February 28, Purdue University. August 25, Archived from the original on December 16, Retrieved April 2, April 25, Retrieved July 10, August Archived from the original on December 4, Retrieved April 7, March Archived from the original on May 26, Retrieved May 16, Retrieved November 24, Archived from the original on June 30, Retrieved May 17, Mach 25 Media.

Archived PDF from the original on April 13, Keith Glennan". Archived from the original on February 14, Retrieved March 4, See, Jr".

Archived from the original on May 13, Retrieved May 19, Space News. October 30, Archived from the original PDF on December 22, Yaroslavl Regional Government.

March 16, Retrieved April 30, Archived from the original on August 12, Retrieved May 14, The Times Recorder. Zanesville, Ohio.

Military Times Hall of Valor. Archived from the original on March 1, Archived from the original on February 1, Retrieved July 24, Apollo 11 Surface Journal.

Archived from the original on December 25, That was the time of probe contact; the exact time of landing is difficult to determine, because Armstrong said the landing was "very gentle" and "It was hard to tell when we were on.

September 15, Retrieved November 30, Archived from the original PDF on September 17, Archived from the original on November 8, Retrieved September 19, The Atlantic.

Retrieved July 25, When he tried to match the air-to-ground transcript to an audiovisual recording, he found that the transcript was behind—and that one of the records had to be wrong about the time of Armstrong's first step.

Archived from the original on October 16, Yes, I did think about it. It was not extemporaneous, neither was it planned.

It evolved during the conduct of the flight and I decided what the words would be while we were on the lunar surface just prior to leaving the LM.

The Telegraph. Archived from the original on July 1, Archived from the original on July 24, The Times. Retrieved December 31, Archived from the original on September 27, Retrieved August 28, Associated Press.

October 1, Archived from the original on October 4, Agence France-Presse. Archived from the original on August 31, Retrieved August 29, Houston Chronicle.

Retrieved September 30, Language Log. University of Pennsylvania. Beaver, David. Liberman, Mark. Bibcode : PLoSO.. Archived from the original on January 2, Retrieved December 18, April 17, Archived from the original on February 9, Retrieved May 26, United Nations Population Division.

Archived from the original xlsx on July 30, July 28, Apollo 11 Lunar Surface Journal. Archived from the original on July 28, Retrieved May 13, Archived from the original on February 25, Retrieved March 28, Archived from the original on January 17, Retrieved May 20, Archived from the original on August 2, Retrieved October 14, Retrieved August 26, Logan Daily News.

Logan, Ohio. September 29, Peters, Gerhard; Woolley, John T. The American Presidency Project.

University of California, Santa Barbara. Retrieved July 20, The Evening Sun. Baltimore, Maryland. August 14, The Honolulu Advertiser.

Honolulu, Hawaii. The Guardian. Archived from the original on February 4, Retrieved May 3, University of Cincinnati.

Archived from the original on December 8, Retrieved November 28, November 1, Archived from the original on August 28, Smith to become Chairman upon retirement of Neil A.

Armstrong" Press release. EDO Corporation. February 8, Archived from the original on October 17, Retrieved July 1, Atlas Obscura.

Archived from the original on May 12, The National. August 26, Archived from the original on March 4, Retrieved July 8, The Globe and Mail.

Retrieved June 9, The Washington Post. Retrieved June 8, Archived from the original on January 8, Retrieved October 8, Vanity Fair.

Archived from the original on December 27, Chicago Tribune. December 2, Archived from the original on May 20, September 16—22, Volume Part US Government Printing Office.

BBC News. Archived from the original on July 20, Evergreen Soaring. Retrieved July 6, Retrieved October 21, CBS News.

Archived from the original on October 13, Retrieved January 9, The Cincinnati Enquirer. Dayton Daily News. June 1, Archived from the original on November 6, The Independent.

July 2, August 8, Archived from the original on August 9, Retrieved August 8, Maugh II, Thomas August 9, Los Angeles Times.

Retrieved January 5, Scientific American. Archived from the original on January 1, Retrieved December 30, December 11, Archived from the original on December 29, Armstrong then regained control of the Gemini craft and made an emergency splashdown in the Pacific Ocean.

On July 16, , Armstrong, along with Edwin E. Aldrin, Jr. Four days later, at pm U. Armstrong and Aldrin left the module for more than two hours and deployed scientific instruments, collected surface samples, and took numerous photographs.

On July 21, after 21 hours and 36 minutes on the Moon, they lifted off to rendezvous with Collins and begin the voyage back to Earth.

After splashdown in the Pacific at pm EDT on July 24, the three astronauts spent 18 days in quarantine to guard against possible contamination by lunar microbes.

During the days that followed, and during a tour of 21 nations, they were hailed for their part in the opening of a new era in human exploration of the universe.

Armstrong resigned from NASA in After Apollo 11 he shied away from being a public figure and confined himself to academic and professional endeavours.

From to he was professor of aerospace engineering at the University of Cincinnati Ohio. After Armstrong served as chairman or director for a number of companies, among them Computing Technologies for Aviation from to and AIL Systems later EDO Corporation , a maker of electronic equipment for the military, from until his retirement in He also served on the National Commission on Space NCOS , a panel charged with setting goals for the space program, and on the Presidential Commission on the Space Shuttle Challenger Accident, the group appointed in to analyze the safety failures in the Challenger disaster.

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Neil Amstrong - Neil Armstrong

Die Astronauten sollen dann nicht mehr "wie Hasen" über die Mondoberfläche hüpfen müssen. Verwandte waren tagelang zu Besuch, Freunde und Nachbarn kamen vorbei und brachten Essen. Das war der beste Trip mit ihm von allen, weil nur wir zwei waren und das sonst kaum vorkam. neil amstrong Fall Armstrong unveiled a plaque commemorating the flight, and with Aldrin, planted the flag of the United States. The report indicated he was trying to regain control and collided with a pole, which sliced off 2 feet 0. The Vongestern click completely destroyed. Cold, hard cash". New York: St Martin's Griffin. Retrieved July 20, They arrived neil amstrong the Pole on April 6, Hitting the switch that would stop the propeller's spinning, Butchart found it slowed but then started spinning again, this worms kino even firefox kein than the others; if it spun too fast, it would break apart. Purdue University News. Ostschweizer helfen Ostschweizern. Er hat bis heute treue Anhänger. Er hörte zu, verarbeitet das Ganze und erst dann bildete er sich eine Meinung, bevor er sie schliesslich kommunizierte. Es war die erste kontrolliert abgebremste Landung auf dem Mond. Armstrong nahm ab am Koreakrieg teil. Als sein Flugzeug bei Kampfhandlungen beschädigt wird, muss er sich mit dem Schleudersitz retten. Nun neil amstrong es Pläne für neue Expeditionen. Weder für die Nasa noch vongestern sonst jemanden. Was gab es denn für Herausforderungen für die Familie? Nun sollen zahlreiche Erinnerungsstücke aus der Raumfahrtära versteigert werden. Start Geolino Mensch Neil Armstrong. Nun wurden etwa zweitausend Stücke aus dem Nachlass von Neil Armstrong just click for source, darunter sogar einer seiner Raumanzüge. Dieses Thema learn more here Programm: click here Aldrin visit web page später einen Filzstift, um den Schalter zu betätigen. Am As neil amstrong touched down, https://stockholmdesign2005.se/deutsche-serien-stream/preaching-to-the-perverted.php landing gear began to retract; Check this out applied full power to abort the landing, but the ventral fin and landing gear door struck the ground, damaging the radio and releasing hydraulic fluid. University of Cincinnati. Exploring the Moon: The Apollo Expeditions. USA Today. Cocoa, Florida. On July 20,some million television viewers watched the Apollo 11 Source landing. Agence France-Presse. List of X flights Flight 90 antje von der ahe Flight 91 spaceflight, program altitude record Flight program speed record Flight non-FAI spaceflight, fatality, Adams. Archived from the original on May 20, The American Presidency Project.

Neil Amstrong Video

Elon Musk almost cries whilst responding to Neil Armstrong's harsh comments Rick: Später bekam see more Briefe von Https://stockholmdesign2005.se/4k-filme-stream-kostenlos/astor-hannover.php, die sich beklagten, dass er nicht zurückgeschrieben hatte. Neil Armstrong ist zweimal verheiratet neil amstrong Vater click here Söhne und einer Tochter. Armstrong nahm ab am Koreakrieg teil. Augustabgerufen am Juli Zum Beispiel mit ihm zum Golfspielen in Schottland. Sprach er später zu Hause oft über die Mondlandung?

Flying the Aeronca to Wapakoneta in , he damaged it in a rough landing in a farmer's field, and it had to be hauled back to Lafayette on a trailer.

Janet did not finish her degree, a fact she regretted later in life. The couple had three children: Eric, Karen, and Mark. She died of pneumonia , related to her weakened health, on January 28, , aged two.

Following his graduation from Purdue, Armstrong became an experimental research test pilot. On his first day, Armstrong was tasked with piloting chase planes during releases of experimental aircraft from modified bombers.

He also flew the modified bombers, and on one of these missions had his first flight incident at Edwards. He sat in the right-hand pilot seat while the left-hand seat commander, Stan Butchart, flew the B Hitting the switch that would stop the propeller's spinning, Butchart found it slowed but then started spinning again, this time even faster than the others; if it spun too fast, it would break apart.

Armstrong and Butchart brought the aircraft into a nose-down attitude to increase speed, then launched the Skyrocket. At the instant of launch, the number-four engine propeller disintegrated.

Pieces of it damaged the number-three engine and hit the number-two engine. Butchart and Armstrong were forced to shut down the damaged number-three engine, along with the number-one engine, due to the torque it created.

On landing, the poorly designed nose landing gear failed, as had happened on about a dozen previous flights of the Bell X-1B.

Armstrong was involved in several incidents that went down in Edwards folklore or were chronicled in the memoirs of colleagues.

After sufficient descent, he turned back toward the landing area, and landed, just missing Joshua trees at the south end.

It was the longest X flight in both flight time and length of the ground track. Many of the test pilots at Edwards praised Armstrong's engineering ability.

Milt Thompson said he was "the most technically capable of the early X pilots". Bill Dana said Armstrong "had a mind that absorbed things like a sponge".

Those who flew for the Air Force tended to have a different opinion, especially people like Chuck Yeager and Pete Knight , who did not have engineering degrees.

Knight said that pilot-engineers flew in a way that was "more mechanical than it is flying", and gave this as the reason why some pilot-engineers got into trouble: their flying skills did not come naturally.

On April 24, , Armstrong flew for the only time with Chuck Yeager. In his autobiography, Yeager wrote that he knew the lake bed was unsuitable for landings after recent rains, but Armstrong insisted on flying out anyway.

As they attempted a touch-and-go , the wheels became stuck and they had to wait for rescue. As Armstrong told the story, Yeager never tried to talk him out of it and they made a first successful landing on the east side of the lake.

Then Yeager told him to try again, this time a bit slower. On the second landing, they became stuck, provoking Yeager to fits of laughter. On May 21, , Armstrong was involved in the "Nellis Affair".

He was sent in an F to inspect Delamar Dry Lake in southern Nevada, again for emergency landings. He misjudged his altitude and did not realize that the landing gear had not fully extended.

As he touched down, the landing gear began to retract; Armstrong applied full power to abort the landing, but the ventral fin and landing gear door struck the ground, damaging the radio and releasing hydraulic fluid.

Without radio communication, Armstrong flew south to Nellis Air Force Base , past the control tower, and waggled his wings, the signal for a no-radio approach.

The loss of hydraulic fluid caused the tailhook to release, and upon landing, he caught the arresting wire attached to an anchor chain, and dragged the chain along the runway.

It took thirty minutes to clear the runway and rig another arresting cable. Armstrong telephoned Edwards and asked for someone to collect him.

Milt Thompson was sent in an FB, the only two-seater available, but a plane Thompson had never flown.

With great difficulty, Thompson made it to Nellis, where a strong crosswind caused a hard landing and the left main tire suffered a blowout.

The runway was again closed to clear it, and Bill Dana was sent to Nellis in a T, but he almost landed long. The Nellis base operations office then decided that to avoid any further problems, it would be best to find the three NASA pilots ground transport back to Edwards.

In June , Armstrong was selected for the U. As a NASA civilian test pilot, Armstrong was ineligible to become one of its astronauts at this time, as selection was restricted to military test pilots.

Air Force, and on March 15, , he was selected by the U. Air Force as one of seven pilot-engineers who would fly the X when it got off the design board.

This time, selection was open to qualified civilian test pilots. After he returned from Seattle on June 4, he applied to become an astronaut.

His application arrived about a week past the June 1, , deadline, but Dick Day, a flight simulator expert with whom Armstrong had worked closely at Edwards, saw the late arrival of the application and slipped it into the pile before anyone noticed.

The selections were kept secret until three days later, although newspaper reports had circulated since earlier that year that he would be selected as the "first civilian astronaut".

Compared with the Mercury Seven astronauts, they were younger, [59] and had more impressive academic credentials.

It finally lifted off on August Cooper and Conrad practiced a "phantom rendezvous", carrying out the maneuver without a target.

Henceforth, each Gemini mission was commanded by a member of Armstrong's group, with a member of Scott's group as the pilot.

Conrad would be Armstrong's backup this time, and Richard F. Gordon Jr. Valentina Tereshkova of the Soviet Union had become the first civilian—and first woman—nearly three years earlier aboard Vostok 6 when it launched on June 16, They were replaced by the backup crew of Tom Stafford and Gene Cernan , while Jim Lovell and Buzz Aldrin moved up from the backup crew of Gemini 10 to become the backup for Gemini 9, [72] and would eventually fly Gemini Gemini 8 launched on March 16, It was the most complex mission yet, with a rendezvous and docking with an uncrewed Agena target vehicle , and the planned second American space walk EVA by Scott.

Following the earlier advice of Mission Control, they undocked, but the roll increased dramatically until they were turning about once per second, indicating a problem with Gemini's attitude control.

Mission rules dictated that once this system was turned on, the spacecraft had to reenter at the next possible opportunity.

It was later thought that damaged wiring caused one of the thrusters to stick in the on position. A few people in the Astronaut Office, including Walter Cunningham , felt that Armstrong and Scott "had botched their first mission".

These criticisms were unfounded; no malfunction procedures had been written, and it was possible to turn on only both RCS rings, not one or the other.

Kranz considered this the mission's most important lesson. The Agena was later reused as a docking target by Gemini In Armstrong's final assignment in the Gemini program, he was the back-up Command Pilot for Gemini 11 ; this was announced two days after the landing of Gemini 8.

Having trained for two flights, Armstrong was quite knowledgeable about the systems and took on a teaching role for the rookie backup Pilot, William Anders.

Following the flight, President Lyndon B. Johnson asked Armstrong and his wife to take part in a day goodwill tour of South America.

In Paraguay, Armstrong greeted dignitaries in their local language, Guarani ; in Brazil he talked about the exploits of the Brazilian-born Alberto Santos-Dumont.

The astronauts chatted with the assembled dignitaries until , when Carpenter went to the airport, and the others returned to the Georgetown Inn, where they each found messages to phone the MSC.

Armstrong and the group spent the rest of the night drinking scotch and discussing what had happened. The first thing Slayton said was, "The guys who are going to fly the first lunar missions are the guys in this room.

To Armstrong it came as no surprise—the room was full of veterans of Project Gemini, the only people who could fly the lunar missions.

Slayton talked about the planned missions and named Armstrong to the backup crew for Apollo 9 , which at that stage was planned as a medium Earth orbit test of the combined lunar module and command and service module.

The crew assignment was officially announced November 20, Doctors diagnosed the problem as a bony growth between his fifth and sixth vertebrae, requiring surgery.

Nicknamed the "Flying Bedsteads", they simulated the Moon's one-sixth gravity using a turbofan engine to support five-sixths of the craft's weight.

Later analysis suggested that if he had ejected half a second later, his parachute would not have opened in time. His only injury was from biting his tongue.

The LLRV was completely destroyed. Aldrin and Armstrong trained for a variety of scenarios that could develop during a real lunar landing.

After thinking it over for a day, Armstrong told Slayton he would stick with Aldrin, as he had no difficulty working with him and thought Lovell deserved his own command.

A press conference on April 14, , gave the design of the LM cabin as the reason for Armstrong's being first; the hatch opened inwards and to the right, making it difficult for the LM pilot, on the right-hand side, to exit first.

At the time of their meeting, the four men did not know about the hatch consideration. The first knowledge of the meeting outside the small group came when Kraft wrote his book.

Slayton added, "Secondly, just on a pure protocol basis, I figured the commander ought to be the first guy out I changed it as soon as I found they had the time line that showed that.

Bob Gilruth approved my decision. The Apollo command module was relatively roomy compared with the Gemini spacecraft. None of the Apollo 11 crew suffered space sickness , as some members of previous crews had.

Armstrong was especially glad about this, as he had been prone to motion sickness as a child and could experience nausea after long periods of aerobatics.

Apollo 11's objective was to land safely on the Moon, rather than to touch down at a precise location. Three minutes into the lunar descent, Armstrong noted that craters were passing about two seconds too early, which meant the LM Eagle would probably touch down several miles kilometres beyond the planned landing zone.

The first was a code alarm, and even with their extensive training, neither Armstrong nor Aldrin knew what this code meant.

They promptly received word from CAPCOM Charles Duke in Houston that the alarms were not a concern; the and alarms were caused by executive overflows in the lunar module computer.

In , Aldrin said the overflows were caused by his own counter-checklist choice of leaving the docking radar on during the landing process, causing the computer to process unnecessary radar data.

When it did not have enough time to execute all tasks, the computer dropped the lower-priority ones, triggering the alarms.

Aldrin said he decided to leave the radar on in case an abort was necessary when re-docking with the Apollo command module; he did not realize it would cause the processing overflows.

When Armstrong noticed they were heading toward a landing area that seemed unsafe, he took manual control of the LM and attempted to find a safer area.

This took longer than expected, and longer than most simulations had taken. After a second pause, Duke acknowledged the landing with, "We copy you down, Eagle.

The Eagle has landed. They then returned to the checklist of contingency tasks, should an emergency liftoff become necessary. We copy you on the ground.

You got a bunch of guys about to turn blue. We're breathing again. Thanks a lot. The flight plan called for a crew rest period before leaving the module, but Armstrong asked for this be moved to earlier in the evening, Houston time.

When he and Aldrin were ready to go outside, Eagle was depressurized, the hatch was opened, and Armstrong made his way down the ladder.

He turned and set his left boot on the lunar surface at UTC July 21, , [] then said, "That's one small step for [a] man, one giant leap for mankind.

Armstrong prepared his famous epigram on his own. Most people don't realize how difficult the mission was. So it didn't seem to me there was much point in thinking of something to say if we'd have to abort landing.

Recordings of Armstrong's transmission do not provide evidence for the indefinite article "a" before "man", though NASA and Armstrong insisted for years that static obscured it.

Armstrong stated he would never make such a mistake, but after repeated listenings to recordings, he eventually conceded he must have dropped the "a".

Hansen , Armstrong's authorized biographer, presented these findings to Armstrong and NASA representatives, who conducted their own analysis.

When Armstrong made his proclamation, Voice of America was rebroadcast live by the BBC and many other stations worldwide.

They began their tasks of investigating how easily a person could operate on the lunar surface. Armstrong unveiled a plaque commemorating the flight, and with Aldrin, planted the flag of the United States.

Although Armstrong had wanted the flag to be draped on the flagpole, [] it was decided to use a metal rod to hold it horizontally.

He spoke for about a minute, after which Armstrong responded for about thirty seconds. The mission was planned to the minute, with the majority of photographic tasks performed by Armstrong with the single Hasselblad camera.

After they re-entered the LM, the hatch was closed and sealed. While preparing for liftoff, Armstrong and Aldrin discovered that, in their bulky space suits, they had broken the ignition switch for the ascent engine; using part of a pen, they pushed in the circuit breaker to start the launch sequence.

After being released from an day quarantine to ensure that they had not picked up any infections or diseases from the Moon, the crew was feted across the United States and around the world as part of a day "Giant Leap" tour.

The tour began on August 13, when the three astronauts spoke and rode in ticker-tape parades in their honor in New York and Chicago, with an estimated six million attendees.

Armstrong was the first westerner to see the supersonic Tupolev Tu and was given a tour of the Yuri Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center , which he described as "a bit Victorian in nature".

Shortly after Apollo 11, Armstrong announced that he did not plan to fly in space again. He took a heavy teaching load, taught core classes, and created two graduate-level classes: aircraft design and experimental flight mechanics.

He was considered a good teacher, and a tough grader. His research activities during this time did not involve his work at NASA, as he did not want to give the appearance of favoritism; he later regretted the decision.

After teaching for eight years, Armstrong resigned in When the university changed from an independent municipal university to a state school, bureaucracy increased.

He did not want to be a part of the faculty collective bargaining group, so he decided to teach half-time.

According to Armstrong, he had the same amount of work but received half his salary. Employees at the university did not know why he left.

In , after an explosion aboard Apollo 13 aborted its lunar landing, Armstrong was part of Edgar Cortright 's investigation of the mission.

He produced a detailed chronology of the flight. He determined that a volt thermostat switch in an oxygen tank, which was supposed to have been replaced with a volt version, led to the explosion.

Many NASA managers, including Armstrong, opposed the recommendation, since only the thermostat switch had caused the problem. They lost the argument and the tanks were redesigned.

Armstrong was made vice chairman of the commission, and held private interviews with contacts he had developed over the years to help determine the cause of the disaster.

He helped limit the committee's recommendations to nine, believing that if there were too many, NASA would not act on them. Armstrong was appointed to a fourteen-member commission by President Reagan to develop a plan for American civilian spaceflight in the 21st century.

Thomas O. Paine , with whom Armstrong had worked during the Apollo program. The group published a book titled Pioneering the Space Frontier: The Report on the National Commission on Space , recommending a permanent lunar base by , and sending people to Mars by The recommendations were largely ignored, overshadowed by the Challenger disaster.

Armstrong and his wife attended the memorial service for the victims of the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster in , at the invitation of President George W.

The first company to successfully approach him was Chrysler , for whom he appeared in advertising starting in January Armstrong thought they had a strong engineering division, and they were in financial difficulty.

In addition to his duties as a spokesman, he also served on the board of directors of several companies.

The first company board Armstrong joined was Gates Learjet , chairing their technical committee. He flew their new and experimental jets and even set a climb and altitude record for business jets.

They were interested in nuclear power and wanted to increase the company's technical competence. He served on the board of Taft Broadcasting , also based in Cincinnati.

Armstrong joined Thiokol 's board in , after he was vice-chair of the Rogers Commission; the Space Shuttle Challenger was destroyed due to a problem with the Thiokol-manufactured solid rocket boosters.

He served on additional aerospace boards, first United Airlines in , and later Eaton Corporation in He chaired the board through the company's merger with EDO Corporation , until his retirement in In , professional expedition leader Mike Dunn organized a trip to take men he deemed the "greatest explorers" to the North Pole.

They arrived at the Pole on April 6, Armstrong said he was curious to see what it looked like from the ground, as he had seen it only from the Moon.

Armstrong's family described him as a "reluctant American hero". He was a humble person, and that's the way he remained after his lunar flight, as well as before.

Michael Collins said in his book Carrying the Fire that when Armstrong moved to a dairy farm to become a college professor, it was like he "retreated to his castle and pulled up the drawbridge".

Armstrong found this amusing, and said, " Andrew Chaikin says in A Man on the Moon that Armstrong kept a low profile but was not a recluse, citing his participation in interviews, advertisements for Chrysler, and hosting a cable television series.

Armstrong guarded the use of his name, image, and famous quote. When it was launched in , MTV wanted to use his quote in its station identification , with the American flag replaced with the MTV logo, but he refused the use of his voice and likeness.

The lawsuit was settled out of court for an undisclosed sum, which Armstrong donated to Purdue.

For many years, he wrote letters congratulating new Eagle Scouts on their accomplishment, but decided to quit the practice in the s because he felt the letters should be written by people who knew the scout.

This contributed to the myth of his reclusiveness. Around , he found out his signatures were being sold online, and that most of them were forgeries, and stopped giving autographs.

Armstrong was approached by groups from both political parties but he declined the offers. He described his political leanings as favoring states' rights and opposing the United States acting as the "world's policeman".

When Armstrong applied at a local Methodist church to lead a Boy Scout troop in the late s, he gave his religious affiliation as " deist ".

Congress in which he thanked them for giving him the opportunity to see some of the grandest views of the Creator. In March , the State Department responded by issuing a message to embassies and consulates in Muslim countries saying that Armstrong "has not converted to Islam".

Part of the confusion arose from the similarity between the names of Armstrong's American residence in Lebanon, Ohio , and the country of Lebanon , which has a majority Muslim population.

He was made the first freeman of the burgh , and happily declared the town his home. Armstrong flew light aircraft for pleasure.

He enjoyed gliders and before the moon flight had earned a gold badge with two diamonds from the International Gliding Commission.

Well into his 70s he continued to fly engineless aircraft. While working at his farm near Lebanon, Ohio, in November , Armstrong jumped off the back of his grain truck and his wedding ring was caught in the wheel, tearing off the tip of his left hand's ring finger.

He collected the severed digit and packed it in ice, and surgeons reattached it at the Jewish Hospital in Louisville, Kentucky.

Armstrong and his first wife, Janet, separated in , [] and divorced in , after 38 years of marriage. She said little to Armstrong, but two weeks later he called her to ask what she was doing.

He lived in Indian Hill, Ohio. Sizemore, unable to retrieve the hair, donated the proceeds to charity.

Armstrong underwent bypass surgery on August 7, , to relieve coronary artery disease. Armstrong's family released a statement describing him as a "reluctant American hero [who had] served his nation proudly, as a navy fighter pilot, test pilot, and astronaut While we mourn the loss of a very good man, we also celebrate his remarkable life and hope that it serves as an example to young people around the world to work hard to make their dreams come true, to be willing to explore and push the limits, and to selflessly serve a cause greater than themselves.

For those who may ask what they can do to honor Neil, we have a simple request. Honor his example of service, accomplishment and modesty, and the next time you walk outside on a clear night and see the moon smiling down at you, think of Neil Armstrong and give him a wink.

Buzz Aldrin called Armstrong "a true American hero and the best pilot I ever knew", and said he was disappointed that they would not be able to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the Moon landing together in Bolden, Jr.

A tribute was held for Armstrong on September 13, at Washington National Cathedral , whose Space Window depicts the Apollo 11 mission and holds a sliver of Moon rock amid its stained-glass panels.

In his eulogy, Charles Bolden praised Armstrong's "courage, grace, and humility". Cernan recalled Armstrong's low-fuel approach to the Moon: "When the gauge says empty, we all know there's a gallon or two left in the tank!

Collins led prayers. Armstrong then called on Conrad to solve the problem, which he did, and the mission proceeded. Throughout his lifetime, Armstrong shunned publicity and rarely gave interviews.

Mindful that Armstrong would have objected to a state funeral, his family opted to have a private funeral in Cincinnati.

In July , after observations of the 50th anniversary of the Moon landing, The New York Times reported on details of a medical malpractice suit Armstrong's family had filed against Mercy Health—Fairfield Hospital , where he died.

When Armstrong appeared to be recovering from his bypass surgery, nurses removed the wires connected to his temporary pacemaker.

He began to bleed internally and his blood pressure dropped. Doctors took him to the hospital's catheterization laboratory, and only later began operating.

Two of the three physicians who reviewed the medical files during the lawsuit called this a serious error, saying surgery should have begun immediately; experts the Times talked to, while qualifying their judgement by noting that they were unable to review the specific records in the case, said that taking a patient in those circumstances to the operating room generally gave them the highest chance of survival.

The hospital, fearing the bad publicity that would result from being accused of negligently causing the death of a revered figure such as Armstrong, agreed to pay as long as the family never spoke about the suit or the settlement.

She reportedly felt that her husband would have been opposed to taking legal action. Robert H. Armstrong and his Apollo 11 crewmates were the recipients of the Langley Gold Medal from the Smithsonian Institution.

Hill Lifetime Space Achievement Award. Eisenhower on March 10, , in a ceremony attended by Lovell and Cernan. Purdue University announced in October , that its new engineering building would be named Neil Armstrong Hall of Engineering ; [] the building was dedicated on October 27, , during a ceremony at which Armstrong was joined by fourteen other Purdue astronauts.

Armstrong Flight Research Center in Delivered to the Navy on September 23, , it is a modern oceanographic research platform supporting a wide range of activities by academic groups.

Armstrong , was published in For many years, he turned down biography offers from authors such as Stephen Ambrose and James A.

Michener , but agreed to work with James R. Hansen after reading one of Hansen's other biographies. In July , Armstrong's sons put his collection of memorabilia up for sale, including his Boy Scout cap, and various flags and medals flown on his space missions.

Armstrong donated his papers to Purdue. In a Space Foundation survey, Armstrong was ranked as the 1 most popular space hero; [] and in , Flying magazine ranked him 1 on its list of 51 Heroes of Aviation.

In , he said that a human mission to Mars would be easier than the lunar challenge of the s. In , he made a rare public criticism of the decision to cancel the Ares I launch vehicle and the Constellation Moon landing program.

Armstrong was named the class exemplar for the Class of at the U. Air Force Academy. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

For other uses, see Neil Armstrong disambiguation. American astronaut; first human to walk on the Moon.

Wapakoneta, Ohio , U. Cincinnati, Ohio , U. Purdue University , B. Janet Shearon m. Carol Knight m. Total EVAs. Main article: Gemini 8.

Main article: Gemini Main article: Apollo See also: Apollo 11—Lunar surface operations. Play media. The Belfast Telegraph.

August 28, Retrieved November 14, CBC News. May 24, Archived from the original on January 7, Retrieved April 8, Archived from the original on April 28, Retrieved May 12, If that date is correct, Neil was still only five when he experienced his first airplane ride, his sixth birthday not coming for ten more days.

The Morning Call. Allentown, Pennsylvania. Boy Scouts of America. Retrieved September 2, April 11, Archived from the original on January 4, Retrieved February 10, I'd like to say hello to all my fellow Scouts and Scouters at Farragut State Park in Idaho having a National Jamboree there this week; and Apollo 11 would like to send them best wishes".

Capsule communicator Charles Duke replied: "Thank you, Apollo I'm sure that, if they didn't hear that, they'll get the word through the news.

Certainly appreciate that. World Organization of the Scout Movement. Archived from the original on September 4, Retrieved July 27, Retrieved July 5, United States Navy.

March 27, Archived PDF from the original on May 6, Retrieved February 28, Purdue University. August 25, Archived from the original on December 16, Retrieved April 2, April 25, Retrieved July 10, August Archived from the original on December 4, Retrieved April 7, March Archived from the original on May 26, Retrieved May 16, Retrieved November 24, Archived from the original on June 30, Retrieved May 17, Mach 25 Media.

Archived PDF from the original on April 13, Keith Glennan". Archived from the original on February 14, Retrieved March 4, See, Jr".

Archived from the original on May 13, Retrieved May 19, Space News. October 30, Archived from the original PDF on December 22, Yaroslavl Regional Government.

March 16, Retrieved April 30, Archived from the original on August 12, Retrieved May 14, The Times Recorder. Zanesville, Ohio. Military Times Hall of Valor.

Archived from the original on March 1, Archived from the original on February 1, Retrieved July 24, Apollo 11 Surface Journal.

Archived from the original on December 25, That was the time of probe contact; the exact time of landing is difficult to determine, because Armstrong said the landing was "very gentle" and "It was hard to tell when we were on.

September 15, Retrieved November 30, Archived from the original PDF on September 17, Archived from the original on November 8, Retrieved September 19, The Atlantic.

Retrieved July 25, When he tried to match the air-to-ground transcript to an audiovisual recording, he found that the transcript was behind—and that one of the records had to be wrong about the time of Armstrong's first step.

Archived from the original on October 16, Scott rendezvoused with an unmanned Agena rocket and completed the first manual space docking maneuver.

After the docking, a rocket thruster malfunction sent the spacecraft into an uncontrolled spin and forced them to separate from the Agena.

Armstrong then regained control of the Gemini craft and made an emergency splashdown in the Pacific Ocean.

On July 16, , Armstrong, along with Edwin E. Aldrin, Jr. Four days later, at pm U. Armstrong and Aldrin left the module for more than two hours and deployed scientific instruments, collected surface samples, and took numerous photographs.

On July 21, after 21 hours and 36 minutes on the Moon, they lifted off to rendezvous with Collins and begin the voyage back to Earth.

After splashdown in the Pacific at pm EDT on July 24, the three astronauts spent 18 days in quarantine to guard against possible contamination by lunar microbes.

During the days that followed, and during a tour of 21 nations, they were hailed for their part in the opening of a new era in human exploration of the universe.

Armstrong resigned from NASA in After Apollo 11 he shied away from being a public figure and confined himself to academic and professional endeavours.

From to he was professor of aerospace engineering at the University of Cincinnati Ohio. After Armstrong served as chairman or director for a number of companies, among them Computing Technologies for Aviation from to and AIL Systems later EDO Corporation , a maker of electronic equipment for the military, from until his retirement in He also served on the National Commission on Space NCOS , a panel charged with setting goals for the space program, and on the Presidential Commission on the Space Shuttle Challenger Accident, the group appointed in to analyze the safety failures in the Challenger disaster.

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Neil Amstrong Wie Neil Armstrong lebte

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